America’s Cup Bottom Line: Glass Half-Full, or Half-Empty?
Later this month, San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee is due to submit the city’s formal proposal to host the 35th America’s Cup in 2016 or 2017. Right on cue, we’re getting a glass half-full/half-empty debate about how much of an economic benefit the 2013 Cup delivered to the city.
The Bay Area Council Economic Institute is providing the benchmark for the discussion. The organization released an analysis of the economic activity generated by this year’s America’s Cup, a report that came with two scenarios:
- In scenario 1, the Cup was responsible for $550 million in economic activity and created more than 3,800 jobs. The crucial footnote: those estimates count the impact of redeveloping Pier 27, part of the main spectator venue for the Cup that will now serve as the city’s cruise-ship terminal.
- Scenario 2 excludes the cruise-ship terminal from consideration and finds overall economic impact was $364 million in economic activity 2,900 jobs were created.
Those findings, which included $280 million in spending by the four teams that eventually competed in the Cup and its preliminaries, prompted Sean Randolph, the president of the economic institute, to enthuse in a press release:
“The $550 million in economic activity generated by the America’s Cup is substantial. The activity benefited hundreds of small businesses and other employers in San Francisco and the Bay Area and produced tax revenue that supports a wide range of important city services.”
Mayor Lee issued a statement, too:
“Hosting the 34th America’s Cup in San Francisco showcased our beautiful city to the world and brought thousands of new jobs, long-overdue legacy waterfront improvements, international visitor spending, and a boost to our regional economy. Our investment brought in significant revenue to the city and the lessons we learned will help us deliver even better world-class events in the Bay Area in the future.”
That’s the glass-half-full part of the discussion about the event’s economic impact. What no one is rushing to mention is that the numbers are a fraction of the impact the economic institute estimated in 2010 and are well short of even a scaled-down forecast issued last March. In the first estimate, the organization said the America’s Cup could bring $1.4 billion in increased economic activity, dwarfing events like the Super Bowl.
But the caveat for the early report was that no one knew how many teams might compete or what the regatta format would be. Based on earlier Cup events, organizers predicted as many as 15 teams might compete for the prize in 2013. As it turned out, only four teams that eventually appeared to race — Oracle Team USA as Cup defenders and teams from New Zealand, Italy and Sweden as challengers. The small number of teams led the economic institute to trim its impact estimate by a half-billion dollars, to $902 million.
So, today’s numbers might be disappointing if you go by those earlier estimates.
But here’s where the economic-impact glass really turns half-empty: In hosting the event for Oracle billionaire Larry Ellison and his America’s Cup Event Authority, the city reportedly incurred $20.7 million in expenses to host the event for items like police overtime and traffic and crowd control. A fund-raising effort to defray those costs fell short, and the San Francisco Chronicle reports that, despite millions in tax revenue generated by the Cup, the city is still $5.5 million in the red.
Supervisor John Avalos, a leading critic of the city’s deal to host the Cup, told the Chronicle isn’t happy about the deficit:
“A $5.5 million deficit, all for a yacht race for billionaires. The whole event has been nothing more than a stupefying spectacle of how this city works for the top 1 percent on everyone else’s dime.”
But Board of Supervisors President David Chiu says the money was well spent. ‘While the economic boost fell short of initial expectations, it’s definitely worth a modest city investment to generate hundreds of millions of dollars for our local economy,” he told the Chron. “The race ended up being pretty exciting, too.”Related