Why Don’t Teens Read For Pleasure Like They Used To?

| May 12, 2014
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By Jennifer Ludden

Harry Potter and The Hunger Games haven’t been big hits for nothing. Lots of teens and adolescents still read quite a lot.

But a roundup of studies, put together by the nonprofit Common Sense Media, shows a clear decline over time. Nearly half of 17-year-olds say they read for pleasure no more than one or two times a year — if that. That’s way down from a decade ago.

From the Common Sense Media release:

According to government studies, since 1984, the percent of 13-year-olds who are weekly readers went down from 70% to 53%, and the percent of 17-year-olds who are weekly readers went from 64% to 40%. The percent of 17-year-olds who never or hardly ever read tripled during this period, from 9% to 27%.

The digital revolution means there are more platforms than ever to read on. And yet, the number of American teens reading for pleasure has dropped dramatically. Researchers are asking if there’s a link.

Jim Steyer, CEO and founder of Common Sense Media, is one of them. He’s been studying the impact of technology on children, and he finds the results striking — though not entirely shocking.

Steyer has four kids and has seen the trend most with his 16-year-old. “I start to see it in our 10-year-old, as well, because he is less and less reading, and more and more attracted to some of the digital media platforms that he has access to, and that he did not have access to when he was, say, 6 or 7 years old,” he says.

The studies do not say that kids are reading less because they’re spending more time online. But Steyer is convinced that’s at least part of the answer.

“First of all, most children now have access to e-readers, or other smart electronic devices like phones and tablets,” he says. “And they’re spending time on that. Numerous reports show the increasing use of new technology platforms by kids. It just strikes me as extremely logical that that’s a big factor.”

Jamahri Sydnor and Chiamaka Anosike are ninth-graders waiting for the bus outside Wilson High School in Washington, D.C. How do they relax?

“I don’t really read for pleasure,” says Sydnor. “Generally I talk on the phone. Or I watch Netflix shows, or Hulu shows, mostly TV. That’s it.”

“I don’t read for pleasure either, unless it’s for a school assignment,” says Anosike. “I’m usually on my phone or watching TV, too.”

Of course, some students say they love to read but have too much homework — or are swamped with sports.

Researchers want to know more about how teens are spending their time in the digital age. But Kathryn Zickuhr of the Pew Research Center says it’s tricky. If a kid is looking at a book, you can assume he or she is reading. But when it comes to looking at a smartphone or tablet, who knows?

“We’ve heard from middle and high school teachers that sometimes the Internet is wonderful for highly motivated students to do deep and expansive research,” says Zickuhr. “But on the flip side, obviously there are many distractions on the Internet.”

Despite those distractions, Jim Steyer of Common Sense Media says, parents can do a lot to promote reading.

“Kids with parents who read, who buy or take books out of the library for their kids, and who then set time aside in their kids’ daily schedule for reading, tend to read the most,” he says — whether it’s on a book, an e-book or some other gadget.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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  • secarter

    Perhaps with all the ‘assigned’ reading, there’s not much time left to just read for enjoyment.

    • geri caruso

      Do you mean assigned reading like …oh… let’s say….A Wrinkle in Time?

      • secarter

        I’m talking about the overload of assigned (summer?) reading that is required. Could be “A Wrinkle in Time,” depending on the grade level, but it is always accompanied by other books. Assigned reading takes much more effort.
        And then, perhaps the instructors will also require annotation…
        I have seen the ‘requirements’ suck all the enjoyment out of reading for fun.

  • geri caruso

    When my kids were young they all read and I never limited reading time and we never had fights about it. I read to them until they were past elementary school. I read to them on trips in the car and they always had a book with them if there was going to be a wait for something. My grandkids do read, but a lot of their time is spent on stupid games and inane junk while they are using their tablets. A lot of time is also spent on arguing with them about how much time they are spending online and what they are doing while they are online. I wonder what we have done to our children by buying the “technology revolution” as anything more than a way to get our hard earned money, a way to make a few people incredibly rich. Really…. $700. for a piece of junk made out side the US, by slave labor and that actually costs a few dollar to make, to play a stupid “math” game. And games, games, games, endlessly pushed on our kids as “learning.” What is the matter with us.

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  • http://lalatoadstone.blogspot.com/ La La in the LiBrArY

    Hmm… I don’t find this to be true. I fight this “teens don’t read anymore” label all the time. I actually think it may be more not less!! YA authors are up there with rockstars now. Teens even blog about books and tweet about them a lot!!

  • Kim

    One of the issues kids are facing are longer homework times outside of school. My 4th grader has between 45-90 minutes of homework 3-4 nights a week and my 10th grader spends approximately 3 hours a night five days a week. After sitting in a classtoom 7 hours a day, doing chores, then homework, they just want to shower and go to bed.