A Design Challenge to Students: Solve a Real-World Problem!

| April 25, 2013 | 11 Comments
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Design Learning Challenge

Creating a safe recreation space for teens; protoyping a recyclable lunch tray; setting up a water delivery system to guard against urban fires; building a public awareness campaign to combat hunger. These are just a few of examples of the types of tasks students are taking on when they participate in the Design Learning Challenge, an effort to get students to figure out how to solve real-world problems in their communities.

Combining project-based learning, with an emphasis on the arts and design thinking, this academic competition now in its third year — a partnership between the Industrial Designers Society of America, or IDSA, and the National Art Education Association, or NAEA — has more than 750 students participating this year.

Educators who enter the competition work with their students to identify a significant problem or challenge in their lives for which they can design a solution. Like most other project-based learning, the idea is that the process for designing an effective solution will get students to use skills from a range of subjects, from understanding the historical context of a project, to computing project budgets and specifications.

Although the IDSA and NAEA are supporters of the challenge, their support is not meant to restrict contestants to artistic or industrial design, according to Doris Wells-Papanek, the organizer of the challenge; product, communication, service, and experience design are also in bounds.

The challenge is divided into two age categories: students in grades K-4 and grades 5-12, and teachers can find suggestions for project ideas.

For grades K-4, one of the suggested challenges is, for example, “Where do I put my stuff?”

PROBLEM: Young students struggle to organize and manage their stuff at school

CHALLENGE: Gather materials and objects found in the classroom to then make sense of purpose and usefulness –repeat the process with student’s stuff followed by redesigning the cubby, desk, or locker

CRITICAL QUESTION: What level of impact might this self-directed learning experience have on students compared to a teacher-driven process?

For grades 5-12, a sample challenge is “Transform Time and Space.”

PROBLEM: Teenagers in your neighborhood lack a safe place to gather and socialize with friends

CHALLENGE: Target 1-3 viable spaces that are underutilized and within walking distance – then generate a design proposal that serves the local community and is financially sound for the owner

CRITICAL QUESTION: What kind of transformation design would serve the local community as well as provide a compelling and long-term solution for teenagers and space owner?

But competitors are expected ultimately to define their own parameters, with this five-step process:

  • EXPLORE concepts, skills, and terminology common to industrial design. Also, address how to harness natural curiosity and transform it into a design project.
  • DESCRIBE the challenge identified, as well as the criteria used to judge whether the project is proceeding successfully. This description happens through the creation of visual displays such as posters and storyboards, and the conducting of interviews of community members to help identify the challenge and potential ways to solve it.
  • EXPLAIN how the challenge will be addressed, how the project could evolve mid-stream, and what realistic expectations are for a result. This may be a good opportunity to bring in a real-world expert to give students advice.
  • DEMONSTRATE the project in process by creating a Google Site to act as a homepage, where students record and evaluate their work and the challenge’s competition jury can survey student work.
  • EVALUATE project results and design concept learning. Consider what changes students and the teacher might implement during a redesign, as well as how lessons learned from the project might apply to other school subjects and/or life situations.

Students in this year’s challenge have already submitted their work for steps 1-3. Steps 4-5 are due on May 15. The submissions are evaluated by a jury of design professionals and college professors.

There are also plans to allow teachers interested in the concept—but hesitant to commit the necessary time investment to fully enroll in the challenge—to choose a less intensive category of competition. That would potentially help interested teachers who Wells-Papanek says have sometimes come to her for assistance after trying to dive too deep into the competition.

“They get excited about it and they want to accomplish more than is realistic,” she said of some of the challenge’s participating teachers. “I help them to make sure the challenges they take on are as realistic as possible.”

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  • http://edspiration.net/ Corinne Hyde

    I love this! If only daily classroom lessons were all like this.
    http://edspiration.net

    • Jim Snyder

      Daily classroom work introducing new levels of thinking and concepts drive these projects to creative solutions. Requisite skills to analyze the problem and recognize opportunities cannot be ignored.

      • http://www.facebook.com/doris.wells.papanek Doris Wells-Papanek

        Jim, I couldn’t agree more! Embedded critical thinking along with student-directed learning designed to offer kids opportunities to connect with a relevant problem to then explore to then focus on meaningful solutions is key to becoming creative innovators.

        With Corinne’s comment and yours… along with a plethora of connections via fb, tweeter, etc. – in a very short period of time… this MindShift article is a dream come true.

        Many thanks to Arnold Wasserman at Collective Invention who served as the tipping point.

  • http://www.facebook.com/doris.wells.papanek Doris Wells-Papanek

    @Corinne, great point! The challenge is designed to make positive impact on how kids learn over several weeks time – as a result, some teachers choose to make substantial shifts in their overall instructional approach.

  • TTek

    Thank you for this post. I just started learning about the concept of Project Based Learning in preparation of becoming a science or math teacher. I was having a hard time thinking of good ways to identify problems / projects to work on. Your post gave me some great ideas. I think participating in a competition also helps. I’ve seen competitions such as building a rocket out of non-traditional items, but these are more realistic and useful.

    • jynucytymyro

      Thank you for this post. I just started learning about the concept of
      Project Based Learning in preparation of becoming a science or math
      teacher. I was having a hard time thinking of good ways to identify
      problems / projects to work on. Your post gave me some great ideas. I
      think participating in a competition also helps. I’ve seen competitions
      such as building a rocket out of non-traditional items, but these are
      more realistic and useful.

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  • Doris Wells-Papanek

    Below are a couple of updates regarding the Design Learning Challenge

    Challenge 2013 Outcome Summary posted on: http://www.designlearning.us/2013-challenge-summary

    Upcoming Chicago Design Learning Challenge Workshop Opportunity posted on: http://www.designlearning.us/workshop-2013

  • Doris Wells-Papanek

    New Video to Share – Design Learning Challenge Workshop 2013